Going on a gorilla safari must rank as one of the best wildlife experiences left in the natural world. Many people describe it as an overwhelming and awe-inspiring experience and worth every penny they spent on making it happen. But it doesn't necessarily have to cost the earth.
You can organise and plan your own trek far cheaper than it would cost if you used a safari company as they need to work through the applicable wildlife authorities in each country to obtain gorilla permits anyway and you can do the same if you know how.
The trade-off is that it will be more inconvenient for you because you will need to organise all the logistics yourself whereas with a gorilla safari company you just turn up and go along for the ride.
If you are a do-it-yourself traveller, here is what you need to know to make it possible and save yourself some money...
Where to Find the Gorillas
Mountain gorillas are highly endangered and there are isolated pockets of them left in Uganda, Rwanda and the Congo. It's estimated that there are less than 650 mountain gorilla left in the world.
Travel to the Congo is considered risky because of the political and military instabilities that exist there but Uganda and Rwanda are perfect for a gorilla safari.
Your chances of seeing the gorillas are excellent in both Uganda and Rwanda because they are tracked each day by experienced trackers so their locations are known down to the last 24 hours. It's possible but quite rare for visitors not to see the gorillas.
In Uganda the big apes live in the Bwindi National Park and in Rwanda they can be found at the Volcanoes National Park.
There are three habituated gorilla groups in the Bwindi forest and a total of eighteen permits are issued every day at six per group.
In Rwanda there are four habituated gorilla groups and eight permits are issued per group bringing the total per day to thirty two.
There are some simple rules that apply when visiting these great apes: Don't go if you are sick because you might infect them and they are very susceptible to human diseases, no flash photography, maintain a seven metre distance, don't eat or drink around them and each group can stay for a maximum of one hour.
Best Time to Go on a Gorilla Safari
Bwindi is a rainforest so you can expect precipitation most of the year with...
The area is the home of Congo’s only populace of jeopardized mountain gorillas and the rangers were deployed to protect a significant road which runs along the park in addition to protect the park from unlawful forest damage.
The unlawful charcoal trade, worth over $35m a year, is a major income source for illegal armed groups.
The Virunga National forest is shielded by over 400 park rangers who operate in a region impacted by 18 years of civil war and political instability.
Over 200 rangers have actually been eliminated throughout 5 DRC parks in the last 10 years.
According to the IUCN the Virunga mountain gorilla populace was estimated at 380 in 2003 and has been classified as endangered.