Bwindi National Park is located in South Western Uganda at the western side of the Rift Valley. It is the habitat to over half of the remaining gorillas in the world. This park is covered with by a tropical rain forest which has about 324 tree species. Of these, ten of them are only found in this area. This area receives heavy rainfall between the months of March to April and short rains between the months of September to November. This park covers an area of 331 square kilometers and has an altitude of 1160m at Ishasha gerge and 2607m at Rwamunyonyi peak.
Bwindi has an impenetrable National Park that has been a gorilla tracking tourist destination since 1963. There are currently four different groups of gorillas which can be visited. These are; The Habinyanja group which consists of 23 gorillas and 2 silverback, The Mubare group which consists of 16 gorillas and 1 Silverback, The Nkuring group which has 20 gorillas and 2 silverback and The Rushegura group which consists of 9 gorillas and 1 silverback. In addition, there are only eight permits issued daily for each group and you also have to book your safari four months before you visit. Permits are sold at Uganda Wildlife Agencies at their Headquarters in Kampala. The thick forest covers make the ground wet throughout the year and visitors are advised to carry boots and rain jackets.
This park is also a bird watchers haven. About 360 bird species and over 200 types of butterflies have been recorded. Some of the birds found in Bwindi National Park include Yellow-eyed black fly-catcher, dusky crimson wing, wilcock’s hone-guide, bar-tailed trogon, short-tailed warbler and many more. With the help of a trained tour guide, this is also a good place to learn and understand more about the primates as you watch and see the different birds and tree species. A part from birds, this park is also a home to about 120 mammals including seven primates and about thirty elephants. The primates include the chimpanzee, blue monkeys, black and white Columbus, grey-cheeked mangabey and L’Hoest’s monkey.
Bwindi National Park is the best park where you can get a spectacular view of the endangered gorillas. The popular waterfall trail leads to three crystal clear waterfall trails. It gives one an opportunity to enjoy the beauty of the tropical rain forest. These trails include; the Muzabajirro trail where you can get a good view of the Bwindi forest, Western Rift Valley and the Virungas. Ruizi River trail is the longest trail and is the best for bird watching. From the Rushurra trail you can view Lake Edward, the Rwenzori Mountain and the Western Rift.